### General Questions

Question 1 :

What are the different types of real data type in C ?

A). float, double
B). short int, double, long int
C). float, double, long double
D). double, long int, float

Explanation :

The floating point data types are called real data types. Hence float, double, and long double are real data types.

Question 2 :

What will you do to treat the constant 3.14 as a long double?

A). use 3.14LD
B). use 3.14L
C). use 3.14DL
D). use 3.14LF

Explanation :

Given 3.14 is a double constant.
To specify 3.14 as long double, we have to add L to the 3.14. (i.e 3.14L)

Question 3 :

If the binary eauivalent of 5.375 in normalised form is 0100 0000 1010 1100 0000 0000 0000 0000,

what will be the output of the program (on intel machine)?

``````#include
#include
int main()
{
float a=5.375;
char *p;
int i;
p = (char*)&a;
for(i=0; i<=3; i++)
printf("%02x\n", (unsigned char)p[i]);
return 0;
}``````

A). 40 AC 00 00
B). 04 CA 00 00
C). 00 00 AC 40
D). 00 00 CA 04

Question 4 :

Which of the following range is a valid long double (Turbo C in 16 bit DOS OS) ?

A). 3.4E-4932 to 1.1E+4932
B). 3.4E-4932 to 3.4E+4932
C). 1.1E-4932 to 1.1E+4932
D). 1.7E-4932 to 1.7E+4932

Explanation :

The range of long double is 3.4E-4932 to 1.1E+4932

Question 5 :

Which statement will you add in the following program to work it correctly?

``````#include
int main()
{
printf("%f\n", log(36.0));
return 0;
}``````

A). #include
B). #include
C). #include
D). #include

Explanation :

math.h is a header file in the standard library of C programming language designed for basic mathematical operations.
Declaration syntax: double log(double);

Question 6 :

We want to round off x, a float, to an int value, The correct way to do is

A). y = (int)(x + 0.5)
B). y = int(x + 0.5)
C). y = (int)x + 0.5
D). y = (int)((int)x + 0.5)

Explanation :

Rounding off a value means replacing it by a nearest value that is approximately equal or smaller or greater to the given number.
y = (int)(x + 0.5); here x is any float value. To roundoff, we have to typecast the value of x by using (int)
Example:

``````#include
int main ()
{
float x = 3.6;
int y = (int)(x + 0.5);
printf ("Result = %d\n", y );
return 0;
}``````
Output:
Result = 4.

Question 7 :

The binary equivalent of 5.375 is

A). 101.101110111
B). 101.011
C). 101011
D). None of above

Question 8 :

A float occupies 4 bytes. If the hexadecimal equivalent of these 4 bytes are A, B, C and D, then when this float is stored in memory in which of the following order do these bytes gets stored?

A). ABCD
B). DCBA
C). 0xABCD
D). Depends on big endian or little endian architecture

Question 9 :

What will you do to treat the constant 3.14 as a float?

A). use float(3.14f)
B). use 3.14f
C). use f(3.14)
D). use (f)(3.14)

Explanation :

Given 3.14 is a double constant.
To specify 3.14 as float, we have to add f to the 3.14. (i.e 3.14f)

Question 10 :

Which of the following statement obtains the remainder on dividing 5.5 by 1.3 ?

A). rem = (5.5 % 1.3)
B). rem = modf(5.5, 1.3)
C). rem = fmod(5.5, 1.3)
D). Error: we can't divide

Explanation :

fmod(x,y) - Calculates x modulo y, the remainder of x/y.
This function is the same as the modulus operator. But fmod() performs floating point divisions.
Example:

``````#include
#include
int main ()
{
printf ("fmod of 5.5 by 1.3 is %lf\n", fmod (5.5, 1.3) );
return 0;
}``````

Output:
fmod of 5.5 by 1.3 is 0.300000