General Questions

Question 1 :

In a file contains the line "I am a boy\r\n" then on reading this line into the array str using fgets(). What will str contain?


A). "I am a boy\r\n\0"
B). "I am a boy\r\0"
C). "I am a boy\n\0"
D). "I am a boy"
Answer : Option C

Explanation :

char *fgets(char *s, int n, FILE *stream);
fgets reads characters from stream into the string s. It stops when it reads either n - 1 characters or a newline character, whichever comes first.
Therefore, the string str contain "I am a boy\n\0"


Question 2 :

What is the purpose of "rb" in fopen() function used below in the code?

FILE *fp;
fp = fopen("source.txt", "rb");


A). open "source.txt" in binary mode for reading
B). open "source.txt" in binary mode for reading and writing
C). Create a new file "source.txt" for reading and writing
D). None of above
Answer : Option A

Explanation :

The file source.txt will be opened in the binary mode.


Question 3 :

What does fp point to in the program ?

#include < stdio.h >

int main()
{
    FILE *fp;
    fp=fopen("trial", "r");
    return 0;
}


A). The first character in the file
B). A structure which contains a char pointer which points to the first character of a file.
C). The name of the file.
D). The last character in the file.
Answer : Option B

Explanation :

The fp is a structure which contains a char pointer which points to the first character of a file.


Question 4 :

Which of the following operations can be performed on the file "NOTES.TXT" using the below code?

FILE *fp;
fp = fopen("NOTES.TXT", "r+");


A). Reading
B). Writing
C). Appending
D). Read and Write
Answer : Option D

Explanation :

r+ Open an existing file for update (reading and writing).


Question 5 :

To print out a and b given below, which of the following printf() statement will you use?

#include < stdio.h >

float a=3.14;
double b=3.14;


A). printf("%f %lf", a, b);
B). printf("%Lf %f", a, b);
C). printf("%Lf %Lf", a, b);
D). printf("%f %Lf", a, b);
Answer : Option A

Explanation :

To print a float value, %f is used as format specifier.
To print a double value, %lf is used as format specifier.
Therefore, the answer is printf("%f %lf", a, b);


Question 6 :

Which files will get closed through the fclose() in the following program?

#include < stdio.h >

int main()
{
    FILE *fs, *ft, *fp;
    fp = fopen("A.C", "r");
    fs = fopen("B.C", "r");
    ft = fopen("C.C", "r");
    fclose(fp, fs, ft);
    return 0;
}


A). "A.C" "B.C" "C.C"
B). "B.C" "C.C"
C). "A.C"
D). Error in fclose()
Answer : Option D

Explanation :

Extra parameter in call to fclose().


Question 7 :

On executing the below program what will be the contents of 'target.txt' file if the source file contains a line "To err is human"?

#include < stdio.h >

int main()
{
    int i, fss;
    char ch, source[20] = "source.txt", target[20]="target.txt", t;
    FILE *fs, *ft;
    fs = fopen(source, "r");
    ft = fopen(target, "w");
    while(1)
    {
        ch=getc(fs);
        if(ch==EOF)
            break;
        else
        {
            fseek(fs, 4L, SEEK_CUR);
            fputc(ch, ft);
        }
    }
    return 0;
}


A). r n
B). Trh
C). err
D). None of above
Answer : Option B

Explanation :

The file source.txt is opened in read mode and target.txt is opened in write mode. The file source.txt contains "To err is human".
Inside the while loop,
ch=getc(fs); The first character('T') of the source.txt is stored in variable ch and it's checked for EOF.
if(ch==EOF) If EOF(End of file) is true, the loop breaks and program execution stops.
If not EOF encountered, fseek(fs, 4L, SEEK_CUR); the file pointer advances 4 character from the current position. Hence the file pointer is in 5th character of file source.txt.
fputc(ch, ft); It writes the character 'T' stored in variable ch to target.txt.
The while loop runs three times and it write the character 1st and 5th and 11th characters ("Trh") in the target.txt file.


Question 8 :

To scan a and b given below, which of the following scanf() statement will you use?

#include < stdio.h >

float a;
double b;


A). scanf("%f %f", &a, &b);
B). scanf("%Lf %Lf", &a, &b);
C). scanf("%f %Lf", &a, &b);
D). scanf("%f %lf", &a, &b);
Answer : Option D

Explanation :

To scan a float value, %f is used as format specifier.
To scan a double value, %lf is used as format specifier.
Therefore, the answer is scanf("%f %lf", &a, &b);


Question 9 :

Out of fgets() and gets() which function is safe to use?


A). gets()
B). fgets()
Answer : Option B

Explanation :

Because, In fgets() we can specify the size of the buffer into which the string supplied will be stored.


Question 10 :

Consider the following program and what will be content of t?

#include < stdio.h >

int main()
{
    FILE *fp;
    int t;
    fp = fopen("DUMMY.C", "w");
    t = fileno(fp);
    printf("%d\n", t);
    return 0;
}


A). size of "DUMMY . C" file
B). The handle associated with "DUMMY . C" file
C). Garbage value
D). Error in fileno()
Answer : Option B

Explanation :

fp = fopen("DUMMY.C", "w"); A file DUMMY.C is opened in write mode and returns the file pointer to fp
t = fileno(fp); returns the handle for the fp stream and it stored in the variable t
printf("%d\n", t); It prints the handle number.