Exercise 10

Instructions to Solve
Organisations are institutions in which members complete for status and power. they compete for resource of the organisation, for example finance to expand their own departments, for career advancement and for power to control the activities of others. In pursuit of these aims, grouped are formed and sectional interests emerge. As a result, policy decisions may serve the ends of political and career systems rather than those of the concern. In this way, the goals of the organisation may be displaced in favour of sectional interests and individual ambition. These preoccupations sometimes prevent the emergence of organic systems. Many of the electronic firms in the study had recently created research and development departments employing highly qualified and well paid scientists and technicians. Their high pay and expert knowledge were sometimes seen as a threat to the established order of rank, power and privilege. Many senior managers had little knowledge of technicality and possibilities of new developments and electronics. Some felt that close cooperation with the experts in an organic system would reveal their ignorance and show their experience was now redundant.

Question 1 :

The theme of the passage is

A). groupism in organizations
B). individual ambitions in organizations
C). frustration of senior managers
D). emergence of sectional interests in organizations
Answer : Option D

Question 2 :

"Organic system" as related to the organization implies its

A). growth with the help of expert knowledge
B). growth with input from science and technology
C). steady all around development
D). natural and unimpeded growth
Answer : Option B

Question 3 :

Policy decision in organization would involve

A). cooperation at all levels in the organization
B). modernization of the organization
C). attracting highly qualified personnel
D). keeping in view the larger objectives of the organizations
Answer : Option C

Question 4 :

The author makes out a case for

A). organic system
B). Research and Development in organisations
C). an understanding between senior and middle level executives
D). a refresher course for senior managers
Answer : Option A

Question 5 :

The author tends to the senior managers as

A). ignorant and incompetent
B). a little out of step with their work environment
C). jealous of their younger colleagues
D). robbed of their rank, power and privilege
Answer : Option A