Exercise 30

Instructions to Solve
Soft bodied animals like caterpillars often fall a prey to voracious hunters like birds or reptiles. Despite having no means to 'actively' defend themselves, with weapons like claws or jaws, they have nevertheless, evolved other equally effective deterrents. A particular species of the caterpillar lives at an altitude over 2.500 metres in the Himalayas. It uses prominent colour to inform would be predators of its in edibility. In the event that an inexperienced or adventurous bird did eat the caterpillar, it would probably vomit it soon after, and subsequently desist from attacking similar species in future. Though this would do the unfortunate victim no good, the species benefits. A rare example of the martyr among animals.

Question 1 :

The expression "others equally effective deterrents" mean

A). preventive weapons which have equal effect of others
B). mechanism which scares everyone equally well
C). preventive equipment which it is as effective as something that has been already mentioned in the passage
D). deterrents that are as powerful as those the caterpillars have
Answer : Option B

Question 2 :

Experienced birds do not attack the Himalayan caterpillars because they are

A). repulsive
B). very aggressive
C). inedible
D). diseased
Answer : Option C

Question 3 :

The Himalayan caterpillar uses prominent colours to

A). warn the predator
B). attack the predator
C). reveal itself
D). defend itself
Answer : Option A

Question 4 :

Caterpillars cannot defend themselves because

A). are passive animals
B). are lazy
C). cannot acquire weapons
D). have no claws or jaws
Answer : Option D

Question 5 :

In the context of this passage, a martyr is one who dies

A). without putting up resistance
B). without any gain to oneself
C). while defending ones homeland
D). to save others
Answer : Option D