Exercise 9

Instructions to Solve
Mahatma Gandhi believed that industrialisation was no answer to the problems that plague the mass of India's poor and that villagers should be taught to be self-sufficient in food, weave their own cloth from cotton and eschew the glittering prizes that the 20th century so temptingly offers. Such an idyllic and rural paradise did not appear to those who inherited the reins of political power.

Question 1 :

The meaning of 'glittering prizes that the 20th century so temptingly offers is

A). pursuit of a commercialised material culture
B). replacement of rural by urban interests
C). complete removal of poverty
D). absence of violence and corruption
Answer : Option C

Question 2 :

The basis of 'an idyllic and rural paradise' is

A). rapid industrialisation of villages
B). self sufficiency in food clothes and simplicity of the lifestyle
C). bringing to the villages the glittering prizes of the 20th century
D). supporting those holdings powerful political positions
Answer : Option B

Question 3 :

Which one of the following best illustrates the relationship between the phrases: (i) 'eschew the glittering prizes' and (ii) 'idyllic and rural paradise'?

A). unless you do (i), you cannot have (ii)
B). (i) and (ii) are identical in meaning
C). first of all you must have (ii) in order to do (i)
D). the meaning of (i) is directly opposite to (ii)
Answer : Option D

Question 4 :

Mahatma Gandhi's views opposed industrialisation of villages because

A). it would help the poor and not the rich
B). it would take away the skill of the villagers
C). it would affect the culture of the Indians
D). it would undermine self-sufficiency and destroy the beauty of life of the villager
Answer : Option B

Question 5 :

Mahatma Gandhi's dream of 'an idyllic and rural paradise' was not shared by

A). those who did not believe in the industrialisation of the country
B). those who called him the Father of Nation
C). those who inherited political powers after independence
D). those who believed that villages should be self-sufficient in food and cloth
Answer : Option A