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Question 1 :

What is BEA Weblogic?

Answer :

BEA WebLogic is a J2EE application server and also an HTTP web server by BEA Systems of San Jose, California, for Unix, Linux, Microsoft Windows, and other platforms. WebLogic supports Oracle, DB2, Microsoft SQL Server, and other JDBC-compliant databases. WebLogic Server supports WS-Security and is compliant with J2EE 1.3.
BEA WebLogic Server is part of the BEA WebLogic Platform™. The other parts of WebLogic Platform are:
* Portal, which includes Commerce Server and Personalization Server (which is built on a BEA-produced Rete rules engine),
* WebLogic Integration,
* WebLogic Workshop, an IDE for Java, and
* JRockit, a JVM for Intel CPUs.

WebLogic Server includes .NET interoperability and supports the following native integration capabilities:
* Native enterprise-grade JMS messaging
* J2EE Connector Architecture
* WebLogic/Tuxedo Connector
* COM+ Connectivity
* CORBA connectivity
* IBM WebSphere MQ connectivity

BEA WebLogic Server Process Edition also includes Business Process Management and Data Mapping functionality.
WebLogic supports security policies managed by Security Administrators. The BEA WebLogic Server Security Model includes:
* Separate application business logic from security code
* Complete scope of security coverage for all J2EE and non-J2EE components

Question 2 :

Can I use a "native" two-tier driver for a browser applet?

Answer :

No. Within an unsigned applet, you cannot load native libraries over the wire, access the local file system, or connect to any host except the host from which you loaded the applet. The applet security manager enforces these restrictions on applets as protection against applets being able to do unsavory things to unsuspecting users.
If you are trying to use jDriver for Oracle from an applet, then you are violating the first restriction. Your applet will fail when it attempts to load the native (non-Java layer) library that allows jDriver for Oracle to make calls into the non-Java Oracle client libraries. If you look at the exception that is generated, you will see that your applet fails in java.lang.System.loadLibrary, because the security manager determined that you were attempting to load a local library and halted the applet.
You can, however, use the WebLogic JTS or Pool driver for JDBC connectivity in applets. When you use one of these WebLogic multitier JDBC drivers, you need one copy of WebLogic jDriver for Oracle (or any other two-tier JDBC driver) for the connection between the WebLogic Server and the DBMS.

Question 3 :

I'm using a WebLogic multitier driver in an applet as an interface to a DBMS. If I run the class using the Sun Appletviewer on my local machine, I have no problems. But when I try to run the applet in a Netscape browser, it will not connect?

Answer :

If Appletviewer works and Netscape does not, it is an indication that you are violating a Netscape security restriction. In this case, the violation is that an applet cannot open a socket to a machine other than the one from which it loaded the applet. To solve this problem, you will have to serve your applet code from the same machine that hosts the DBMS.
In addition, the IP naming format you use in the applet CODEBASE and the constructor for the T3Client must match. That is, you can't use dot-notation in one place and a domain name in the other.

Question 4 :

I tried to run two of the applets in the examples directory of the distribution. I installed the WebLogic classes on my local machine (NT server) and on another machine (a Windows 95 client). I am not using any browsers, just trying to run the applets with Appletviewer. The applets work fine when I run Appletviewer from the NT server, but do not work at all from the Windows 95 client. ?

Answer :

There are two possible problems: Either the CODEBASE tag is not properly set in the applet HTML file, or the class files are not properly loaded on the HTTP server.

The applet works on the NT server because you installed the WebLogic distribution on your NT server. Even if the applet cannot successfully load the necessary classes from the HTTP server, it does find them in your local CLASSPATH. But when you try to run it from the Windows 95 client, the applet must load the classes over the wire from the HTTP server, and if you haven't installed them correctly, it will fail.

Question 5 :

How do stubs work in a WebLogic Server cluster?

Answer :

Clients that connect to a WebLogic Server cluster and look up a clustered object obtain a replica-aware stub for the object. This stub contains the list of available server instances that host implementations of the object. The stub also contains the load balancing logic for distributing the load among its host servers.

Question 6 :

What happens when a failure occurs and the stub cannot connect to a WebLogic Server instance?

Answer :

When the failure occurs, the stub removes the failed server instance from its list. If there are no servers left in its list, the stub uses DNS again to find a running server and obtain a current list of running instances. Also, the stub periodically refreshes its list of available server instances in the cluster; this allows the stub to take advantage of new servers as they are added to the cluster.

Question 7 :

Why did my JDBC code throw a rollback SQLException?
Your JDBC code may throw the following exception:
"The coordinator has rolled back the transaction.
No further JDBC access is allowed within this transaction."

Answer :

The WebLogic JTS JDBC driver throws this exception when the current JDBC connection transaction rolls back prior to or during the JDBC call. This exception indicates that the transaction in which the JDBC connection was participating was rolled back at some point prior to or during the JDBC call.
The rollback may have happened in an earlier EJB invoke that was part of the transaction, or the rollback may have occurred because the transaction timed out. In either case, the transaction will be rolled back, the connection returned to the pool and the database resources released. In order to proceed, the JTS JDBC connection must be closed and reopened in a new transaction.

Question 8 :

Must my bean-managed persistence mechanism use the WebLogic JTS driver?

Answer :

Use the TxDataSource for bean-managed persistence.

Question 9 :

Why is there no polymorphic-type response from a create() or find() method?

Answer :

The EJB Specification prohibits this behavior, and the weblogic.ejbc compiler checks for this behavior and prohibits any polymorphic type of response from a create() or find() method.
The reason the create() and find() methods are not polymorphic is similar to the reason constructors are not polymorphic in Java. The derived classes generally do not know or cannot initialize the base class properly.

Question 10 :

Must EJBs be homogeneously deployed across a cluster? Why?

Answer :

Yes. Beginning with WebLogic Server version 6.0, EJBs must be homogeneously deployed across a cluster for the following reasons:
* To keep clustering EJBs simple
* To avoid cross server calls which results in more efficiency. If EJBs are not deployed on all servers, cross server calls are much more likely.
* To ensure that every EJB is available locally
* To ensure that all classes are loaded in an undeployable way
* Every server must have access to each EJB's classes so that it can be bound into the local JNDI tree. If only a subset of the servers deploys the bean, the other servers will have to load the bean's classes in their respective system classpaths which makes it impossible to undeploy the beans.

Question 11 :

How do I set up my CLASSPATH?

Answer :

Setting up your CLASSPATH correctly depends on what you are trying to do. The most common tasks are described below:
* Starting WebLogic Server. See Setting the Classpath Option in the Starting and Stopping WebLogic Servers section of the Administration Guide. In addition, your WebLogic distribution includes shell scripts that you can use to start the server. These scripts, which are located in the domain directories under the config directory of your WebLogic Server distribution, automatically set up the CLASSPATH variable in the shell before starting the server.

Question 12 :

Why do I get the following exception when viewing the JNDI tree?

Answer :

isSerializable(class.javax.naming.Binding) at

The Weblogic Server JNDI implementation requires objects to be serializable, not referencable. A PrintWriter cannot be serialized and therefore should be declared transient.

Question 13 :

When deploying a resource adapter (.rar) to WebLogic Server, are its classes placed in the WebLogic classpath?
For instance, I am deploying an EJB and a resource adapter (.rar), the EJB has no dependencies on the .rar because the EJB is writing to the common client interface (CCI). The EJB client application has sends/marshals as parameter classes that are defined in the .rar. For some reason the EJB's class loader hierarchy cannot find the definition of this .rar-specific class, even though the .rar is deploying successfully. I receive the following error on the EJB client:
java.rmi.UnmarshalException: error unmarshalling arguments; nested

Answer :

When you pass an instance of com.myclientcompany.server.eai.InteractionSpecImpl as an argument to your EJB, the appServer needs to de-serialize (unmarshal) the object under the EJB context, and it needs the required class for unmarshalling, inside the ejb-jar(raTester.jar). So if you include the interactionspecimpl class in your ejb-jar file, then you do not need to include those classes in your server's classpath.

Question 14 :

How is security handled in the WebLogic J2EE Connector Architecture?

Answer :

Due to the fact that the current configuration and packaging requirements for resource adapters in WebLogic Server require the hand-editing of the weblogic-ra.xml file, any new passwords specified in the security-principal-map entries are done in clear-text.
BEA understands the importance of protecting security passwords. Hence, we provide a Converter Tool that allows for the encryption of all passwords present in the weblogic-ra.xml file. The Converter Tool is shipped in the standard weblogic.jar file.

Question 15 :

Can I enable requests to a JDBC connection pool for a database connection to wait until a connection is available?

Answer :

No, there's no way to allow a request to wait for a pool connection, and from the system point of view there should not be. Each requests that waits for a connection ties up one of the fixed number of execute threads in the server, which could otherwise be running another server task. Too many waiting requests could tie up all of the execute threads and freeze the server.

Question 16 :

How do I use multibyte character sets with WebLogic jDriver for Informix?

Answer :

Currently, multibyte character sets are not supported for the WebLogic jDriver for Informix driver.

Question 17 :

How do I connect to an SQL Server instance that is running on a machine with multiple instances of SQL Server 2000?

Answer :

Each instance of MS SQL Server must be listening on a different port. So, you can use the port number in the properties that you pass to the getConnection() method or, in case of connection pools, you can specify the port property in the following properties:

To find the port number where each MS SQL Server instance is running, run the server network utility (in the Microsoft SQL Server program group), select the server instance, select TCP/IP, and click the properties button.

Question 18 :

Why does FOR UPDATE in Oracle 8 cause an ORA-01002 error?

Answer :

The Oracle 8 server generates an ORA-01002:fetch out of sequence error message when you use a FOR UPDATE statement with AUTOCOMMIT turned on (which is the default state when using JDBC). This is known to happen on Oracle 8.0 and 8.1 on Solaris and on Oracle 8.1 on Windows NT. If you turn AUTOCOMMIT off, you will not receive this error. Because this problem is due to a change in the Oracle 8 server, you should contact Oracle support for more information.

Question 19 :

What causes an OCIW32.dll error?

Answer :

You may receive the following error message when using your JDBC driver for Oracle: "The ordinal 40 could not be loaded in the dynamic link library OCIW32.dll." This problem is caused by an out-of-date version of OCIW32.DLL in your system directory. Some programs install this file in the system directory in order to run. If you remove this file from the system directory you should no longer receive this error.

Question 20 :

What transaction isolation levels does the WebLogic jDriver for Oracle support?

Answer :

Your servlet application may use Oracle Thin Drivers to access a database that includes BLOB fields. If you install and try to use WebLogic jDriver for Oracle and the same code fails and produces an exception similar to the following:

TRANSACTION_READ_UNCOMMITTED isolation level not allowed
The Stack Trace:
TRANSACTION_READ_UNCOMMITTED isolation level not allowed
( :46)
at com.roguewave.jdbtools.v2_0.ConnectionPool.getConnection_
(ConnectionPool.jav a:412)
at com.roguewave.jdbtools.v2_0.ConnectionPool.getConnection
( :109)

Setting the Isolation_level to 1 in the code that calls the RogueWave JDBCServer class works with the Oracle thin driver but fails with WebLogic jDriver for Oracle.

WebLogic jDriver for Oracle supports the following transaction isolation levels:


According to the Oracle documentation, the Oracle DBMS only supports these two isolation levels. Unlike other JDBC drivers, WebLogic's drivers throw an exception if you try to use an isolation level that is unsupported. Some drivers silently ignore attempts to set an unsupported isolation level. WebLogic suggests testing whether the Oracle thin driver is not just ignoring settings for unsupported isolation events.

Question 21 :

How do I use OS Authentication with WebLogic jDriver for Oracle and Connection Pools?

Answer :

Using OS authentication in connection pools essentially means that you are using the UserId of the user who started WebLogic Server. OS authentication is available on NT and UNIX, but not on Solaris. This means that database security will rely strictly on the security of WebLogic; that is, if you are allowed to make a client connection to the WebLogic Server and access the pool, then you can get to the database.

You can do this with WebLogic jDriver for Oracle because Oracle uses the process owner to determine who is attempting the connection. In the case of WebLogic JDBC, this is always the user that started the WebLogic Server.

To set up your Oracle instance to use this feature, your DBA needs to follow these basic steps. The full procedure is described in more detail in your Oracle documentation.

1. Add the following line to the INIT[sid].ORA file:
Note that the string "OPS$" is arbitrary and up to the DBA.
2. Log in to the Oracle server as SYSTEM.
3. Create a user named OPS$userid, where userid is some operating system login ID. This user should be granted the standard privileges (for example, CONNECT and RESOURCE).
4. Once the userid is set up, you can connect with WebLogic jDriver for Oracle by specifying "/" as the username property and "" as the password property. Here is an example for testing this connection with the dbping utility:

$ java utils.dbping ORACLE "/" "" myserver

Here is a code example for WebLogic jDriver for Oracle:
Properties props = new Properties();
props.put("user", "/");
props.put("password", "");
props.put("server", "myserver");

Connection conn = myDriver.connect("jdbc:weblogic:oracle",

1. Use the Administration Console to set the attribute for your connection pool. The following code is an example of a JDBC connection pool configuration using the WebLogic jDriver for Oracle:



Question 22 :

What type of object is returned by ResultSet.getObject()?

Answer :

WebLogic jDriver for Oracle always returns a Java object that preserves the precision of the data retrieved. WebLogic jDriver for Oracle returns the following from the getObject() method:

* For columns of types NUMBER(n) and NUMBER(m,n): a Double is returned if the defined precision of the column can be represented by a Double; otherwise BigDecimal is returned.

* For columns of type NUMBER: Because there is no explicit precision, the Java type to return is determined based on the actual value in each row, and this may vary from row to row. An Integer is returned if the value has a zero-valued fractional component and the value can be represented by an integer.

For example, 1.0000 will be an integer. A long is returned for a value such as 123456789123.00000. If a value has a non-zero fractional component, a Double is returned if the precision of the value can be represented by a Double; otherwise a BigDecimal is returned.

Question 23 :

How do I limit the number of Oracle database connections generated by WebLogic Server?

Answer :

You can use connection pools to limit the number of Oracle database connections generated by WebLogic Server in response to client requests. Connection pools allow T3 applications to share a fixed number of database connections. For information on how to set up connection pools,

Question 24 :

How do I call Oracle stored procedures that take no parameters?

Answer :

Here is what we use that works:
CallableStatement cstmt = conn.prepareCall("Begin procName;

where procName is the name of an Oracle stored procedure. This is standard Oracle SQL syntax that works with any Oracle DBMS. You might also use the following syntax:

CallableStatement cstmt = conn.prepareCall("{call procName};");

This code, which conforms to the Java Extended SQL spec, will work with any DBMS, not just Oracle.

Question 25 :

Why do I get unexpected characters from 8-bit character sets in WebLogic jDriver for Oracle?

Answer :

If you are using an Oracle database with an 8-bit character set on Solaris, make sure you set NLS_LANG to the proper value on the client. If NLS_LANG is unset, it defaults to a 7-bit ASCII character set, and tries to map characters greater than ASCII 128 to a reasonable approximation (for example, á, à, â would all map to a). Other characters are mapped to a question mark (?).