Set - 2

Question 1 :

How many bits are used to represent Unicode, ASCII, UTF-16, and UTF-8 characters?

Answer :

Unicode requires 16 bits and ASCII require 7 bits. Although the ASCII character set uses only 7 bits, it is usually represented as 8 bits. UTF-8 represents characters using 8, 16, and 18 bit patterns. UTF-16 uses 16-bit and larger bit patterns.

Question 2 :

What's the main difference between a Vector and an ArrayList?

Answer :

Java Vector class is internally synchronized and ArrayList is not.

Question 3 :

What are wrapped classes?

Answer :

Wrapped classes are classes that allow primitive types to be accessed as objects.

Question 4 :

Does garbage collection guarantee that a program will not run out of memory?

Answer :

No, it doesn't. It is possible for programs to use up memory resources faster than they are garbage collected. It is also possible for programs to create objects that are not subject to garbage collection.

Question 5 :

What is the difference between preemptive scheduling and time slicing?

Answer :

Under preemptive scheduling, the highest priority task executes until it enters the waiting or dead states or a higher priority task comes into existence. Under time slicing, a task executes for a predefined slice of time and then reenters the pool of ready tasks. The scheduler then determines which task should execute next, based on priority and other factors.