Set - 3

Question 1 :

What is the basic difference between Publish Subscribe model and P2P model?

Answer :

Publish Subscribe model is typically used in one-to-many situation. It is unreliable but very fast. P2P model is used in one-to-one situation. It is highly reliable.

Question 2 :

What is the use of BytesMessage?

Answer :

BytesMessage contains an array of primitive bytes in it's payload. Thus it can be used for transfer of data between two applications in their native format which may not be compatible with other Message types. It is also useful where JMS is used purely as a transport between two systems and the message payload is opaque to the JMS client. Whenever you store any primitive type, it is converted into it's byte representation and then stored in the payload. There is no boundary line between the different data types stored. Thus you can even read a long as short. This would result in erroneous data and hence it is advisable that the payload be read in the same order and using the same type in which it was created by the sender.

Question 3 :

What is the use of StreamMessage?

Answer :

StreamMessage carries a stream of Java primitive types as it's payload. It contains some conveient methods for reading the data stored in the payload. However StreamMessage prevents reading a long value as short, something that is allwed in case of BytesMessage. This is so because the StreamMessage also writes the type information alonwgith the value of the primitive type and enforces a set of strict conversion rules which actually prevents reading of one primitive type as another.

Question 4 :

What is the use of TextMessage?

Answer :

TextMessage contains instance of java.lang.String as it's payload. Thus it is very useful for exchanging textual data. It can also be used for exchanging complex character data such as an XML document.

Question 5 :

Why do the JMS dbms_aqadm.add_subscriber and dbms_aqadm.remove_subscriber calls sometimes hang when there are concurrent enqueues or dequeues happening on the same queue to which these calls are issued?

Answer :

Add_subscriber and remove_subscriber are administrative operations on a queue. Though AQ does not prevent applications from issuing administrative and operational calls concurrently, they are executed serially. Both add_subscriber and remove_subscriber will block until pending transactions that have enqueued or dequeued messages commit and release the resources they hold. It is expected that adding and removing subscribers will not be a frequent event. It will mostly be part of the setup for the application. The behavior you observe will be acceptable in most cases. The solution is to try to isolate the calls to add_subscriber and remove_subscriber at the setup or cleanup phase when there are no other operations happening on the queue. That will make sure that they will not stay blocked waiting for operational calls to release resources.