Set - 2

Question 1 :

What is the role of abapers? What is the Work Bench?

Answer :

Abaper is a application programmer who retrives the data from the database and show it to the end-user with the help of report..out of three layers of SAP the abaper position is on Application Layer in which SAP programs are develop and then transported to the Production server...

Workbench... The ABAP Workbench contains several tools that allow you to edit specific repository objects. like ABAP Editor , Menu PAinter etc...

Question 2 :

How to integrate MM With Fico?

Answer :

By using transaction code OBYC we can get the details of MM, Fico integration.

Go to IMG settings in Financial accounting and do the configuration for MM-FI settings

Value from MM to FI is defined in OBYC…. on the material master the flow of values are assigned on the Costing, Accounting, etc tabs where the system helps to post the necessary stock values into the appropriate GL accounts. Helps to determine, the GL accounts updated when there is a movement of goods.

Question 3 :

What is difference between business area or cost centre?

Answer :

Business area is a place where the product or the produced components are valued in group or for the total transactions carried out, Right from procurement, production and sales of goods.

Wheras Cost centre is a particular area where the production or the project is taken up and expenditure is identified separately with a separate GL account

Question 4 :

How to create Tax Calculation Procedure?

Answer :

Tax calculation procedures based on the countries depended. one country is using deferent of tax procedures. We are creating new country also and at what type calculation procedures present is running on the country and it is assigned which country used.

Tax calculation procedures based on the country wise using . and which country is used at what percent and it is used on the country. We are creating new country also at what percent it is used and it is assigned to using of this country.

Question 5 :

What is the difference between business area and profit center?

Answer :

Business area is where the total business is valuated as a whole

Whereas Profit centre is an area where the company/work place allows the outside agency to use its machinery for external profits (eq: A CNC machine which can run 24 hrs a day is utilized in our company for 15 hrs and the balance 9 hrs is let out for addition to the company's profit) is known as Profit Centre.

Business area is related term to FI module and Profit centre is related to CO module. One business area can have one or more profit centers.

Business area is gared on external accounting where as profit centers are used for internal accounting purposes

Question 6 :

What is Legaccy System Migration Workbench? How it can be carried out in SAP SD?

Answer :

LSMW is widely used by EDI programmers. EDI Programmers connect the SAP system to Non SAP system. During this Data migration is a necessity. When data migrates from source to destination the destination code is differrent from the source code. So what LSMW does is
* Converts the data in to batch files
* Then converts the batch files in to source code batch files
* And then mirgates data. Standard Interfaces like BAPI or Idoc are used in this process.

LSMW is used for migrating data from a legacy system to SAP system, or from one SAP system to another.

Apart from standard batch/direct input and recordings, BAPI and IDocs are available as additional import methods for processing the legacy data.

The LSMW comprises the following main steps:
* Read data (legacy data in spreadsheet tables and/or sequential files).
* Convert data (from the source into the target format).
* Import data (to the database used by the R/3 application.

But, before these steps, you need to perform following steps :
* Define source structure : structure of data in the source file.
* Define target structure : structure of SAP that receives data.
* Field mapping: Mapping between the source and target structure with conversions, if any.
* Specify file: location of the source file

Question 7 :

Of all the methods used for data migration like BDC, LSMW , Call Transaction which one is used most of the time? How is the decision made which method should be followed? What is the procedure followed for this analysis?

Answer :

All the 3 methods are used to migrate data. Selection of these methods depends on the scenario, amount of data need to transfer. LSMW is a ready tool provided by SAP and you have to follow some 17 steps to migrate master data. While in BDCs Session method is the better choice because of some advantages over call transaction. But call transaction is also very useful to do immediate updation of small amout of data. (In call transaction developer has to handle errors).

Bottom line is make choice of these methods based of real time requirements.

These methods are chosen completely based on situation you are in. Direct input method is not available for all scenarios; else, they are the simplest ones. In batch input method, you need to do recording for the transaction concerned. Similarly, IDoc, and BAPI are there, and use of these need to be decided based on the requirement.

Try to go through the some material on these four methods, and implement them. You will then have a fair idea about when to use which.

Question 8 :

What is the difference between the stock transfer between two plants belonging to same company code and those belonging to different company code?

Answer :

A stock transfer from plant to plant generally takes place within a company code. It can, however, also take place between two company codes, if the plants are assigned to different valuation areas, which belong to different company codes.

Unlike a stock transfer from storage location to storage location, a stock transfer from plant to plant affects both accounting and Materials Planning, as follows:

* Accounting
Accounting is affected if both plants are assigned to different valuation areas. This means that a stock transfer leads not only to a quantity update but also to a value update (stock value, G/L accounts). Thus, parallel to the material document for stock transfer, an accounting document is created.

* Materials Planning
Materials Planning is affected because a change of plant stock is taken into account by Materials Planning.

The stock transfer from one plant to another belonging to same company code is same as that of belonging to different company code functionally.

In both the types of transfers, there will be a material document generated which will update the QTY in both the plants in the respective storage location.

Accounting document generation will depend on the valuation level of the material. If the materials are being valuated at company level and it is being transferred from one plant to another belonging to the same company code, no accounting entry is generated. However, if the valuation is being done at plant level, the accounting document will be generated in both the cases.

Question 9 :

What are the fields in purchasing view?

Answer :

- RFQ/Quotation
- Purchase requisition
- Purchase order
- Master data (Info record, Source list, Conditions, Vendors etc.)v - Outline agreements

Question 10 :

How do you create movement types? What are the steps involved? When will you recommend a new movement type?

Answer :

A movement type can be created using T code OMJJ. Copying an existing movement type and modifying the field contents can create a new movement type.

The SAP system is delivered with some pre-defined movement types from 100 to 899. 900 onwards can be used for customized movement types.

Question 11 :

What is meant by access sequence? When it is used?

Answer :

Condition type has an access sequence assigned to it which determines which tables to access for data and in what sequence. This has a sequence of table based on the most specific to most generic.
It can be used for any new condition type creation.

Question 12 :

How does the PO pick up the pricing schema?

Answer :

The pricing procedure assigned to a vendor has a calculation schema attached to it. This schema defines the various conditions' pre-requisite, calculation & sequence in the PO. Generally, only one type of pricing procedure is followed for all the vendors.

Question 13 :

What are the types of special stocks available?

Answer :

- Consignment stock - vendor
- Components provided to vendor
- Project stock
- Consignment stock – customer
- Pipeline material
- Orders on hand

Question 14 :

What are the types of inforecords?

Answer :

- Standard
- Pipeline
- Consignment
- Subcontracting

Question 15 :

What is meant by consignment stock?

Answer :

Consignment stock is the material which is lying in the premises but is not owned by the company. It has no value assigned to it until it is taken into own stock. Once it is used in production or to be sold, it is taken into own stock.